Saharanpur Economy is a burgeoning commercial hub and a leading regional center for wholesale and retail trade, agro-based industries, and industrial products. Saharanpur is well known for its agricultural products such as sugar, mangoes, and rice.
The region is very poor in mineral resources. Limestone stone boulders are the only main minerals. Limestone is found in the Shivalik hills. Stone, hard enough to be used for building purposes, is scarce and is found in Shivaliks while stone for road metal is found in the beds of Solani, Hindon, and Sukhrao streams. Excellent lime is also procured from the boulders covering the beds of the hilly torrents. The saline efflorescence which is known by the name of Rah is found in the low lying tracts and in the canal irrigated areas.
Saharanpur is primarily an agricultural district. Roughly 70% of the land is under agricultural use still the region is of little importance from the point of view of pastures. Agriculture plays an important role in the economy of the district. One significant feature is that even though the agricultural land for food crops has reduced in recent years the food production has increased considerably. The important food crops of the region are Wheat, Rice, Maize, Jawar, Bajara, sugarcane; oilseeds, cotton, and jute are the main commercial crops.
Many agro based industries have been developing across the Saharanpur district of late. One can also find a number of cottage industries here. Saharanpur does not have enough mineral resources unlike other districts in Uttar Pradesh. However it has industrially backed itself with a number of sugar and paper industries, cigarette industry and not to forget the ever famous wood carving industry. Wood work of Saharanpur district is world famous and is exported in many Western countries including USA, UK, Singapore, Sweden, and Kuwait.
From the view point of industries and trade the region has great importance. The region produces agro-based and industrial goods which are sent to the various parts of the country.